Cancer is a disease which has been growing alarmingly in the last couple of years .According to ICMR study , every year 80 per lakh are affected by cancer. However in the North East 100 to 120 per lakh get affected by this disease.The number is expected to grow in the coming years.Cancer treatment is usually done by three ways namely surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. If the disease gets detected at a later stage or if the patient do not respond to any treatment , then the patient is given palliative care in a hospice by palliative trained nurses.The day to day medical care is given by trained doctors and in addition specialist care is given by onco surgeons whenever needed.
Hospice gives palliative care. Palliative care is the active total care of patients whose disease is not responsive to curative treatment. The relief of distressing symptoms is the primary goal of palliative care.Once the patient is free from symptoms , especially severe pain and other symptoms like breathing difficulty, nausea, vomiting, cough, sleeplessness etc, he/she becomes a different person and can then attend to their other needs. Symptomatic care is therefore individualized to the need of each patient with all the necessary medication needed to make him or her as comfortable as possible. Palliative care :
- Affirms life and regards dying as a normal process
- It neither hastens nor postpones death
- Provides relief from pain and other distressing symptoms
- Integrates the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care
- Offers support to help patients live as actively as possible until death
- Offers support to help the family cope during the patients illness and in their own bereavement.